Eid-Ul-Adha is one of the biggest festival in Islamic ritual. “Eid” is an Arabic word which means happiness/feast/festival and “Adha” stands for sacrifice. That means “Eid-Ul-Adha” is the feast of sacrifice for Muslims.
This festival falls on the 10th day of 12th month of Islamic lunar calendar, “Zu al-Hijjah”.
Eid-ul-Adha: A Significant History of Sacrifice:
Eid-ul-adha reminds us the spirit of prophet Ibrahim (peace upon him) & his beloved son prophet Ismail (peace upon him). As per Allah’s command, Ibrahim was ready to slaughter his most loving person Ismail, and his son happily agreed to his father’s decision. Allah was pleased to see them and replaced Ismail with a dumba sheep. Muslims all over the world celebrate Eid-ul-adha to remember the sacrifice to fulfill the command of almighty Allah without any question. This incident is described in Chapter #37 of the Holy Qur’an.
Eid-Ul-Adha is special for another reason. It ends the period of Hajj pilgrimage to Makkah and Madinah in Saudi Arabia. It has no direct connection to this festival but it is significant because this pilgrimage is one of the five pillars of Islam which is mandatory for all those, who are physically and financially able to perform it once in their lifetime.
Sacrifice of Eid-ul-adha:
On this day animal slaughtering (qurbaani) is the main act of sacrifce. this act can be done from 10th to 12th day of the month zu al-Hijjah. Goat, Sheep, Dumba sheep, cow, buffelo, bull, camel can be used for slaughtering. Goat, sheep or dumba sheep consists of one qurbani share and bull, cow, buffelo or camel consists of maximum seven qurbani shares. The animal fixed for slaughter must be healthy and of a specific age. Age of goats should be minimum one year. Minimum 2 years age required for bull or buffelo. It’s best to slaughter the animal by own hand.
This slaughtering or the blood is not to satisfy Allah. It is about to sacrifice some money or time please him. Allah said, “the meat will not reach Allah, nor will the blood, but what reaches him is the devotion of devotees.”
Acts of Eid-ul-adha:
Who has enough money to effort the price of an animal to buy after meeting all necessities of one’s family, should sacrifice (qurbaani) an animal in order to please Allah SWT. This act is a symbol of the memories of propeht Ibrahim and his son prophet Ismail.
Qurbaani should be done after the prayers of Eid-ul-Adha. The meet of qurbaani should be divided into three parts and it is mandatory. One is for the immeidate family, one third is for relatives and another part is for those who need. This pratice is done to make sure that everyone of the society can eat the meat at least once in a year. This is a clear indication of charity, kindness and equality among all of us. This sharing is made mandatory in Islam so that the poor can accept the meat with dignity.
Anyone can use the skin of the animal after necessary processing. But if the skin is sold, the money can’t be used for ownself. The money from selling the skin must be spent to those who need.
Eid-ul-Adha; Day of joy:
Eid is like a thanks giving day to all muslims in the world. On this day, they wear their finest dress to make this day special and make special foods & sweets. Every muslim hugs each other and wishes good of each others forgeting all negetivities. They visits each others house and it helps to grow the interaction between muslims. A brotherly and joyful atmosphere exist all over the world on this special day to offer their gratitude to Allah.
May this holy ritual “Eid-ul-adha” helps us to learn about sacrifice, devotion, sharing and equality.